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AR 1-3-2 Illegal Equipment
I. One or more players of a team are using very wide pants or skirts.

§RULING: Illegal equipment. This kind of pant or skirt is not necessary for playing. It is obvious, that the players trying to gain an advantage.

AR 5-1-1 New Series
I. 2 & middle at the 19-yd-line, the run is stopped at the middle line. The ball is spotted with its nose reaching 1 inch into the 4 inch wide middle line.

§RULING: No first down, the middle of the field of play is at the middle of the middle line.
Would the ball reach 3 inch into the middle line, it would be a first down.

II. 1 & goal at B’s 19-yd-line, the quarterback gets sacked at As 23-yd-line.

§RULING: 2 & goal at As 23-yd-line, no new first down possible.

Next play: Team A completes a pass at B’s 13-yd-line.

§RULING: 3 & goal at B’s 13-yd-line, no new series will be awarded.

AR 7-1-4 Blitzer
I. A defense player (#46), positioned 6 yd away from the scrimmage line, raises his hand.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal blitzer signal. Try to inform the player before the snap with: “Number 46 you are just 6 yd away from the scrimmage line.If the player is adjusting his position before the snap, there will be no penalty. If the player is blitzing without adjustment, he has no RoW to the quarterback and it is a penalty.

II. A defense player, positioned 7 yd away from the scrimmage line, raises his hand for a split of a second or raises his hand before the snapper touches the ball or raises his hand just at shoulder level.

§RULING: It is an invalid signal (R 2-2-6). If the player is blitzing, he has no RoW to the quarterback, but no penalty. Inform the player before the next down to give a clear signal.

III. 3 or more blitzers are giving a clear signal for getting the RoW.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal blitzer signal. No blitzer will get the RoW.

AR 7-2-3 Backward pass
I. 2 & middle at the 3-yd-line. The quarterback throws a backward pass from his end zone out of bounds to avoid a sack.

§RULING: No penalty, but it is a safety.

II. 2 & middle at the 3-yd-line. The quarterback throws a backward pass from the 1-yd-line out of bounds to avoid a sack.

§RULING: No penalty. Next play 3 & middle at the 1-yd-line.

AR 7-3-1 Forward pass
I. 2 & middle at the 3-yd-line.
The quarterback throws a forward pass from his end zone to the ground to avoid a sack.

§RULING: No penalty, there is no intentional grounding in flag. Next play 3 & middle at the 3-yd-line.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws a high forward pass from behind the scrimmage line and catches
his own pass for a 10 yd completion.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal touch, the quarterback can catch his own pass only after another player has touched it (R 7-2-4). Next play 3 & middle at the 7-yd-line.

III. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws a forward pass from behind the scrimmage line, the ball get deflected by another player (defense or offense) and returns to his hands.

§RULING: No penalty for illegal touch, the quarterback can advance the ball

IV. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback scrambles to avoid the blitzer runs to the 10-yd-line and throws a complete pass to the 21-yd-line.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal forward pass, 5 yards from the scrimmage line and a LOD. Technically there is a second penalty for illegal run, but with the same yardage from the same spot without a LOD it is not a good option for the defense (R 7-1-3).

V. Two opposing players get in possession of a pass while both are off the ground, and both players return to the ground inbounds.

§RULING: Simultaneous catch, the ball is awarded to the passing team.

VI. An airborne player receives a pass. He grasps the ball firmly in his hands, and as he is returning toward the ground, the nose of the football touches the ground before any part of his body. He retains his firm control of the ball and it does not come loose, the player hits the ground inbounds.

§RULING: Complete pass.

VII. An airborne player receives a pass. He grasps the ball firmly in his hands and any part of his body touches the ground inbound. Immediately upon hitting the ground, the ball comes loose and in a second effort the receiver still being inbounds regains control of the ball.

§RULING: Complete pass.

VIII. An airborne player receives a pass.
He grasps the ball firmly in his hands and the ball or any part of his body touches the ground inbound. Immediately upon hitting the ground, the ball comes loose and touches the ground.

§RULING: Incomplete pass. An airborne receiver must maintain control of the ball if going to the ground in the process of completing a catch.

AR 8-3-2 Penalty on a Try
I. On a 1-point try is an accepted penalty and the try will be repeated from the 7-yd-line.

§RULING: Offense can make a pass or run play for 1 point.

II. On a 2-point try is an accepted penalty and the try will be repeated from the 7-yd-line.

§RULING: Offense can make a pass or run play for 2 points.

III. On a 1-point try is an accepted penalty and the try will be repeated from the 2,5-yd-line.

§RULING: Offense can make only a pass play for 1 point.

IV. On a 2-point try is an accepted penalty and the try will be repeated from the 2,5-yd-line.

§RULING: Offense can make only a pass play for 2 points.

AR 8-4-1 Safety
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
A blitzer grabs the pants of the quarterback behind the scrimmage line. The quarterback throws an incomplete forward pass.

§RULING: Penalty for holding enforced from the 7-yd-line. Next play 2 & middle at the 17-yd-line.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback holds the ball in front of the flag as the defender try to pull it. The defender misses the flag and then the quarterback throws a complete pass for 14 yd.

§RULING: The penalty for flag guarding will make the ball dead, safety.

AR 9-1-1 Right of Place, Right of Way
I. A defense player is lining up close to the scrimmage line in front or next to a receiver (man coverage).

§RULING: The receiver has to avoid contact for the first steps, because the defender has the RoP. When the defender starts to move he loses the RoP and has to give the offense room for the pass route.

II. A defense player is lining up close to the scrimmage line in front of a receiver.
At the snap he moves immediately inside and collides with the receiver also going towards the middle.

§RULING: Illegal contact from defense. As he moved he lost the RoP and is in charge of the collision. The receiver has to avoid the place where the defender stands, but not to anticipate where defense will move.

III. A defense player is playing his zone looking to the quarterback. An offense player is running cross the field and hit him from behind by purpose.

§RULING: Targeting from offense. Even with the right of way, offense is not allowed to target and hit an opponent.

IV. A defense player is squeezing the runner towards the side line. The runner tries to stay inbounds by keeping his lane and contacts the defender.

§RULING: Illegal contact from the runner. The runner has to avoid contact, he has no RoW.

V. Two defense players squeeze the runner in between them. The runner tries to hit the gap between the both defenders and contacts the defender(s).

§RULING: Illegal contact from the runner. The runner has to avoid contact even when this stops the play.

AR 9-1-1 Blitzer
I. After the snap a blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is running quick towards the quarterback and a receiver on an in route has to run around him.

§RULING: No penalty. A receiver has to give the blitzer the RoW. If there would have been
no signal from the blitzer, it would be a defense foul for blocking.

II. After the snap a blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is running quick towards the quarterback and a receiver on an in route is blocking or contacting him.

§RULING: Penalty for blocking (5 yd) or illegal contact (10 yd) against the offense. The offense players have to calculate the blitzer’s lane(s).

III. After the snap a blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is running slow towards the quarterback and a receiver on an in route has to run around him or contact him.

§RULING: Penalty for blocking against the defense. A blitzer has the RoW only if he rushes quickly (R 2-2-6), the offense players have to have the chance to calculate the blitzer’s lane(s).

IV. A blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is rushing towards the quarterback and as the quarterback starts to roll out the blitzer changes his direction.

§RULING: The blitzer is losing the RoW when he is changing the direction. He has to take care not to block a receiver after he changed his rushing lane.

V. A blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is rushing into the still standing snapper.

§RULING: Penalty for targeting (10 yd) against the defense. The RoP is more worth than the RoW (R 2-13-2).

VI. A blitzer, who has given a clear signal, is rushing towards the scrimmage line but stops before he crosses it.

§RULING: No penalty. The blitzer must not cross the scrimmage line, but he loses the
RoW at the stop and has to avoid the offense players afterwards.

VII. A receiver is crossing the lane of the blitzer, who has given a clear signal. The blitzer tries to avoid contact but still runs into the receiver.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal contact (10 yd) against the offense.

VIII. A receiver is crossing the lane of the blitzer, who has given a clear signal. The blitzer tries not to avoid contact and runs into the receiver.

§RULING: Penalty for blocking (5 yd) against the offense and penalty for targeting (10 yd) against the defense, the fouls will offset.

IX. The blitzer stops in front of the quarterback after the ball is released and touches him with the hands at the hip.

§RULING: No penalty for the touch, because contact has to have an impact.

X. The blitzer stops in front of the quarterback after the ball is released and pushes him with the hands at the hip, the quarterback has to make 2 steps to regain balance.

§ RULING: Penalty for illegal contact defense.

XI. The blitzer stops as the quarterback releases the ball, the natural throwing movement with a step forward brings thequarterback in contact with the blitzer.

§RULING: No penalties for the contact, both players are standing and have the RoP.

XII. The blitzer jumps straight in the air as the quarterback starts to release the ball, the quarterback makes 3 steps forward after he has thrown and contacts the blitzer.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal contact offense. The blitzer has the RoP even if he jumps. If the momentum of the jump would carry the blitzer into the quarterback, it would be a defense foul.

XIII. The blitzer jumps forward to deflect the ball as the quarterback starts to release the ball and touches the ball before it left the hand of the quarterback or touches the arm of the quarterback after the ball left his hand.

§RULING: Penalty for targeting, because the point of attack was a ball in possession of a runner (R 9-1-2).

AR 9-2-2 Flag pulling
I. A runner is waving his hands near his hips as a close defender tries a flag pull. There is no contact but the defender misses the flag.

§RULING: Penalty for flag guarding. There has to be no contact to disadvantage the defense, a hand (or ball) waving in front of the flag makes it more difficult to reach it.

II. A runner is waving his hands near his hips as a far defender tries a desperate flag pull.
There is no contact and the defender misses the flag by far.

§RULING: No penalty. There has to be made a serious attempt to make an action of the runner to an avoid of a flag pull.

III. A runner is running towards a defender and before they meet he bends his upper body forward.

§RULING: Penalty for diving (R 2-12-2). The defender has to avoid the head and body of
therunner what makes it more difficult for him.

IV. A runner is running towards a defender and just before they meet he stretches out the ball to get an extra yard before get deflaged.

§RULING: Penalty for flag guarding. The defender has to avoid the ball what makes it more difficult for him.

V. A runner is chased by a defender and just before he gets caught he stretches out the ball to get an extra yard before get deflaged.

§RULING: No penalty. For the flag pull from behind it makes no difference for the defender.

VI. A blitzer pulls the flag of the quarterback just a split of a second after the ball has been thrown.

§RULING: No penalty for illegal flag pull. The defense has the right of a serious attempt.

VII. After the quarterback has thrown the ball, the blitzer continuous the rush and pull the flag.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal flag pull. This disables the quarterback to run with the ball if he will get it back on a trick play.

VIII. The defender pulls the flag right at the moment as the receiver touches the ball, but he muffs the ball and makes the completion in a second attempt.

§RULING: No penalty for illegal flag pull. The defender can expect the completion, what makes the receiver to a runner, and need not to wait for the catch.

AR 10-2-4 Offsetting fouls
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line. The quarterback throws a complete pass or interception to the 15-yd-line. Before the catch the snapper blocks the blitzer at the 10-yd-line and a defender blocks a receiver at the 20-yd-line.

§RULING: Offsetting penalties, the down will be replayed.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 15-yd-line which is returned to the 6-yd-line. Before the catch the snapper blocks the blitzer at the 10-yd-line and on the return the blitzer blocks the snapper at the 12-yd-line.

§RULING: The defense can decline offsetting penalties and keep the ball. Basic spot enforcement, 1 & goal from the 17-yd-line.

III. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws a pass which is intercepted at the 15-yd-line and returned to the 6-yd-line. Before the catch a defender blocks a receiver at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: The foul offsets the play, the down will be replayed.

AR 10-3-1 Basic Spot Enforcement Offense fouls
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line. The quarterback drops into the end zone and get sacked in the end zone. The snapper blocks the blitzer at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 3,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a Safety.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and get sacked at the 1-yd-line. The snapper blocks the blitzer in the end zone.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the spot of foul, enforced in the end zone, Safety. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 1-yd-line.

III. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and get sacked at the 1-yd-line. The snapper blocks the blitzer at the 5-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the spot of foul, enforced from the 5-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 2,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 1-yd-line.

IV. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is completed at the 15-yd-line. The snapper blocks the blitzer at the 5-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the spot of foul, enforced from the 5-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 2,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 15-yd-line.

V. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is completed at the 15-yd-line. The snapper blocks a defender at the 20-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 3,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 15-yd-line.

VI. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is completed and the offense scores a touchdown. The snapper blocks a defender in the opponents end zone.

§RULING: Basic spot is the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 3,5-yd-line.

VII. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is incomplete. The snapper blocks the blitzer at the 5-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the spot of foul, enforced from the 5-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 2,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 7-yd-line.

VIII. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is incomplete. The snapper blocks the blitzer at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 3,5-yd-line. Declining will bring a 3 & middle at the 7-yd-line.

AR 10-3-1 Basic Spot Enforcement Defense fouls
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops into the end zone and gets sacked in the end zone. A defender blocks the snapper at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 12-yd-line.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and gets sacked at the 1-yd-line. A defender blocks the snapper at the 5-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 12-yd-line.

III. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is completed at the 15-yd-line. A defender blocks the snapper on a screen route in the end zone.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot, enforced from the 15-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 20-yd-line.

IV. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is completed at the 15-yd-line. A defender blocks a receiver at the 20-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot, enforced from the 15-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 20-yd-line.

V. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line, the pass is completed and the offense scores a touchdown. A defender blocks the snapper at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot (opponents goal line), enforced on the try, the score counts.

VI. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback drops to the 1-yd-line and the pass is incomplete. A defender blocks the snapper at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the scrimmage line, enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 12-yd-line.

VII. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
A blitzer grabs the pants of the quarterback behind the scrimmage line, but the quarterback
still throws a complete pass at the 12-yd-line.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal contact (holding) enforced from the 12-yd-line. Next play 2 & middle at the 22-yd-line.

VIII. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
A defender grabs the pants of the runner at the 12-yd-line and the run is stopped at the 17-yd-line.

§RULING: Penalty for illegal contact (holding) enforced from the 17-yd-line. Next play 1 & goal at B’s 23-yd-line.

AR 10-3-1 Basic Spot Enforcement Change of Possession
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line. The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the return ends at the 12-yd-line. After the change of possession, the snapper holds (illegal contact) the runner at the 18-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot, enforced from the 12-yd-line. 1 & goal at the 6-yd-line.

II. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the return ends at the 12-yd-line. After the change of possession, the snapper illegal contact a team mate of the returner at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot, enforced from the 12-yd-line. 1 & goal at the 6-yd-line.

III. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the return ends at the 12-yd-line. After the change of possession, a team mate of the returner blocks the snapper at the 18-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the spot of foul, enforced from the 18-yd-line. 1 & goal at the 23-yd-line.

IV. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the return ends at the 12-yd-line. After the change of possession, a team mate of the returner blocks the snapper at the 10-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the dead ball spot, enforced from the 12-yd-line. 1 & goal at the 17-yd-line.

V. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the returner fumbles at the 12-yd-line, the snapper catches the ball and runs to the 20-yd-line. After the first change of possession, a teammate of the snapper holds the returner at the 18-yd-line.

§RULING: The foul offsets the play, the down will be repeated (R 10-2-4). 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.

VI. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The quarterback throws an interception at the 21-yd-line and the returner fumbles at the 12-yd-line, the snapper catches the ball and runs to the 20-yd-line. After the second change of possession, a team mate of the snapper blocks an opponent at the 18-yd-line.

§RULING: Basic spot is in the spot of foul, enforced from the 18-yd-line. 1 & middle at the 13-yd-line.

AR 10-3-3 Half-Distance Enforcement
I. 2 & middle at the 7-yd-line.
The offense commits a false start.

§RULING: Penalty enforced from the 7-yd-line. 2 & middle at the 3,5-yd-line.

II. 3 & goal at the 9-yd-line.
The defense commits an offside.

§RULING: Penalty enforced from the 9-yd-line. 3 & goal at the 4,5-yd-line.